Siena and Rosia

over a century of innovation

1904

Foundation of the Institute

In a small villa on the outskirts of Siena, Achille Sclavo founds the Institute, to produce the serum against anthrax he had discovered.

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1910-20

The industrial development

The Sclavo Institute is restructured to meet the scientific advances of the time and the needs of World War I.

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1930-40

Sclavo’s legacy

After the death of the founder, the Institute remained a family business, gradually establishing itself at the national level.

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1950

The international scope and new applications

The increasing degree of technical sophistication leads the Institute to be a modern center not only of production, but also for the study and research.

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1960

Albert Sabin’s turning point

The Institute begins to produce Sabin’s anti-polio and starts the collaboration with the Wellcome Foundation in London.

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1970-80

Expansion of the institute

The Institute extends in the US, while the futuristic Research Center is born and the activities of the new area of Rosia start.

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1990

The genetics revolution

From the collaboration with Venter, the Reverse Vaccinology technique is born, key of the vaccine against meningococcus B.

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2000

The fight against meningitis and flu

The company becomes one of the most important realities in vaccines, whose study proceeds, in addition to their use in mass vaccinations.

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Today

Number one in vaccines

With the integration in GSK, the Siena and Rosia site becomes part of a pharmaceutical company committed on a global scale.

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1904

Foundation of the Institute


In a small villa on the outskirts of Siena, Achille Sclavo founds the Institute, to produce the serum against anthrax he had discovered.

Achille Sclavo_full

– Achille Sclavo, founder of the Tuscan Serotherapeutic and Vaccinogenic Institute –

The origin of the big center of vaccines research and production of Siena and Rosia is due to the important scientific-sanitary activity conducted at the beginning of the twentieth century by Professor Achille Sclavo (1861-1930). After graduating in medicine in Turin, he worked at the General Directorate of Health and, in 1898, moved to the University of Siena, as a professor of the chair of Hygiene. His absolute dedication to the promotion, as widespread as possible, of the basic principles of hygiene included the study of sera and preparations which could protect the population against the main infectious diseases. One of his first major achievements was the discovery of the serum against anthrax, for whose production he decided to set up a lab in a small villa on the outskirts of Siena.

villasclavo 2

– The first nucleus of the Institute labs –

It was born here, in 1904, the Istituto Sieroterapico e Vaccinogeno Toscano (Tuscan Serotherapeutic and Vaccinogenic Institute), the first nucleus of the modern facility which, still today, preserves and protects the structure of this first settlement, where Sclavo and his small group of researchers began their business.

– The contribution of Achille Sclavo to the public health –
Source: “50°. Mezzo secolo al servizio dell’immunologia e dell’igiene sociale”, 1954 

 

| Materiale d’archivio gentilmente concesso da Gruppo Anziani Sclavo |